India is a country with a rich history. Its past has seen many religions establish their roots which are still visible even today. Also, the country has seen many rulers and empires whose footprints can be seen in different parts of the country. In fact, many of these historical places have been listed as world heritage sites. A trip to India usually takes one back in time, the sites architecture will captivate and marvel you The government has done a great job of preserving these sites which gives modern generations a chance to discover ancient India. Following are must visit historical places in India;
The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal was completed in 1653 and construction took a whopping 21 years to complete. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan as a tribute to his wife Mumtaz Mahal who died during child birth. It is said that after its construction, the emperor had the hands of the workers cut so that that type of Mahal could never be built again. Mumtaz Mahal remains rest in this fairytale-like building to this day. Its most captivating feature is its tendency to appear as if its color alters as the day light changes.
Varanasi is one of the oldest living cities in India and the whole world. Ghats which are situated along the banks of river Ganges (Hindus Holy River) are the holiest places in the city. These Ghats which are more than 80 are used for bathing, cremation, Ganges Aarti and morning meditation. During the Aarti of River Ganges, the burning Ghats of Varanasi are the most popular tourist attraction.
The Mahabodhi Temple
Also known as the Great Awakening Temple, this Buddhist temple is located in the Gaya district, Bihar state. This temple is an important shrine of Indian Buddhists. The temple is deemed as one of the 7 wonders of India. This ancient site contains a monastery, a Mahabodhi Tree and the statute of Lord Buddha Stupa.
Now just a laid back village, Hampi was the last capital of Vijayanagar, a great Hindu empire. Its ruins are very captivating stretching for over 27 kilometers and has over 450 monuments. The top attraction here is the Vittala temple which was dedicated to Lord Vishnu. This particular temple has 56 pillars which make musical sound when struck.
These temples are an existing proof that Kamasutra originated in India. This is the ancient home of erotica. There are over 20 temples dedicated to sex and sexuality. The temples are riddled with erotic sculptures that exhibit a celebration of love, life and worship. These temples take one into the ancient world of Hindu tantric endeavors.
These are the only ancient temples in the world with carefully done carvings. Ajanta and Ellora Caves Situated in a remote place, these caves are carved into a hillside rock. In total, there are 34 caves which go back to between the 6th and 11th centuries in Ellora. Ajanta has 29 caves dating between the 2nd and 6th centuries. These caves were carved by hand; only a hammer and chisel were used Ajanta caves have attractive sculptures and paintings while the Ellora ones have an extraordinary architecture
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