Standing majestically and overlooking proudly the luscious green jungle enclosures, the Sigiriya rock (or the “Lion rock”) is a large castle ruin and very old fortress in the centered Matale District of Sri Lanka. According to the very old chronicled record of Sri Lanka, called Mahavamsa, the Sigiriya rock was constructed by monarch Kasyapa, as son of monarch Dhatusena. In 473 publicity the juvenile king dethroned and killed his dad, then usurped the throne which rightfully belonged to his elder male sibling Mogallana, who got away to India. Kasyapa built his palace on the summit of Sigiriya Rockas a fortress, understanding that his elder brother someday will return to request for revenge. The invasion eventually came in 491 and Kasyapa travelled out to assault in his war elephant, but his elephant got stuck in the grime and his fighters forsaken him. Kasyapa pledged suicide, rather than being captured. Some of the most spectacular features of the Sigiriya rock are the flower beds: terraced flower beds, cave and boulder flower beds and water flower beds, which are among the oldest prepared gardens in the world. Of specific interest is the gallery of frescoes, which were decorated on the sheer rock face. Only 22 out of approximated 500 images have stayed now, but some of them are actually in amazingly good status. The Mirror Wall with Graffiti and the Lion stage are furthermore among the major deserves of this fascinating location.
This hill peak beside Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka is believed to be the location of a gathering between the King Devanampiyatissa and the Buddhist monk Mahinda, which, according to the Sri Lankans, inaugurated the presence of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. shortly after the appearance of Buddhism in Sri Lanka, the Mihintale hill started to assist as a residential locality for the venerable monks, who were led by Arahath Mahinda Mahathera. subsequent with the regal patronage, this astonishing sanctuary housed the multitude of with monastic buildings-stupas, bodhigharas and uposathgharas. Today Mihintaleis a site of forsaken organisations and several religious monuments, but furthermore a pilgrimage location. At the base of the hill there are wrecks of medical bath, a clinic, urns and a stone inscription and urns belonging to the ancient period. The site museum is established north of the wrecks of the hospital and the most intriguing display, which could be glimpsed there is the model of a relic sleeping room from a stupa. wrecks of large monastery could be found the steps leading to the summit of the rock and the monastery. The Kantaka Cetiya, the Ambasthala Dagaba and the Cave of Arahant Mahinda are amidst the other most differentiated enticements of the location.
Scenically established right in the heart of the village of Kandy, the Temple of the Tooth is the prime monument and the most sacred shrine of Buddhism. The temple is a centre of attraction not only for the Sri Lankas Sinhalese Buddhist people but furthermore for the Buddhists all over the world, as it is believed that it houses the left upper canine tooth of the Lord Buddhahimself. The temple structures cluster round the magnificent Kandy lagoon. On the out-of-doors they are white with red and white roofs and are not lavishly adorned. In striking compare to the simple exterior, the interiors are elaborately decorated with lacquer, ivory and inlaid woods. In a two-storey inner shrine fronted by two elephant tusks is kept the relic of the Buddha’s tooth. It is put on a solid lotus bloom made of gold, enclosed in in jewelled casket, which sit on a large throne. The whole convoluted is surrounded by white stone partition. There are openings that give a filigree effect of the wall. throughout commemorations and special occasions, conventionally candles are put in the openings and light up the whole front part. This is a really stunning view, beautiful sign of spirituality and belief.5. Dondra Head Lighthouse
conceived by Sir James Nicholas Douglass and constructed by William Douglass, the Dondra Head Lighthouse is the biggest lighthouse in Sri Lanka and in Asia, established on Dondra Head the southernmost point in the homeland. It contains 14 two-panel yellow-coloured windows, seven levels and 196 steps to the peak. All the building components, encompassing steel and clay clay bricks were imported from England. It is said that over 250 boats overtake this area daily and, as the lighthouse is still hardworking and helps guide boats and boats, most of them favour utilising its beamed pointers than the GPS. In case you propose to climb to the peak of the Dondra Head Lighthouse, you should keep in brain it is firmly prohibited except you possess a exceptional permission. If you are fortuitous sufficient to get one, on your way to the peak you may marvel fabulous outlooks, encompassing the vintage light dwelling. There are 40 lights on peak of the Lighthouse and one is with capability of 1000 W, so that the lights are powerful enough to blink up to 30 nautical mile radius. Local persons claim that the lighthouse is actually stunning, especially at evening.
6. Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage
The most exciting place to visit in Sri Lanka, particularly if you are with children, is the Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage. This incredible 24-acres-large elephant orphanage was established 1975 by the Sri Lanka Wildlife department and is the largest herd of elephants in captivity in the world. Today the number of animals that the Orphanage hosts is approximately 3000. About 110 people are employed to take care for the herd. About 14,000 kg of food are needed per day. After meals the elephants are driven for a leisurely bath across the road to Maha Oya River. From the terraces of Hotel Elephant Park or the Pinnalanda Restaurant tourists are able to watch that spectacle and enjoy their antics. Rest assured this is an experience that you can’t go through anywhere else in the world and will definitely touch your heart.
7. Peradeniya Gardens
Boasting proud and long history, Peradeniya Gardens of Sri Lanka have gone through colonialism and industrial change and today continue to flourish, representing significant national asset for the country. Initially managed by Alexander Moon, the Peradeniya Gardens started as a small cinnamon and coffee plantation. Today it is home to more than 4000 species from all the corners of the world and boasts more than 300 varieties of orchids, palm trees, medical plants and spices. The most entertaining segment located in this captivating botanical wonderland is the commemorative garden. This is the place where royalty and other international dignitaries have planted various trees and this way marked their visits to the astonishing island. It is noteworthy that during the rough and tumble years of World War II, the Peradeniya Gardens served as an operational headquarters of Lord Mountbatton. With the abundant wealth of flowers, trees, fruits and shrubs to explore, it is definitely of value to ramble around this extraordinary place or to spend the entire day relaxing inside the faunal treasure of Sri Lanka.
8. Ancient city of Anuradhapura
The oldest capital of Sri Lanka, Anuradhapura, was established in 4th century BC and continued up to the beginning of the 11th century AD. What is really special about the city is that the sacred Bo Tree, which grown from a branch of the legendary Bodhi tree that Buddha attained enlightenment, while standing under, is situated in Anuradhapura. In the vicinity of the city are situated the remains of the towering Ruwanweliseya Dagaba, of The Kuttam Pokuna, of Brazen Palace, of The Seated Buddha, and many different Temples, Parks and Palaces – all of which carry the testimony to imaginative and proud people. Among the extended ruins that cover the ancient city of Anuradhapura are also bathing ponds, monasteries, alms halls, temples, Buddha images and majestic irrigation tanks and stone carvings. In the ancient city is located the oldest Stupa in Sri Lanka, called Thuparama Dagaba. Other large stupas in the area which are worth visiting are: the Ruvanvelisaya Stupa, the Abhayagiri Stupa and the Jetavana Stupa. The monuments of the ancient city of Anuradhapura are hiding some of the secrets of the remarkable history of Sri Lanka and have survived, surrounded by the solemn umbrage of the imposing trees, scions of splendid ancient parkland.
The ultimate place to enjoy beautiful beach and tranquillity is the Unawatuna resort, located five km south of Galle. The secluded beach community offers the tourists golden sand beaches, protected by coral reefs, wreck and reef diving and safe swimming. The village of Unawatuna gives great opportunities for accommodation for all budgets, including up-market hotels and private guest-houses. There you may also find the unusual mix of Internet cafes, handicraft shops and small supermarkets. Unawatuna is very rich in biodiversity; more than sixty species of endemic birds have been registered by the ornithologist in the locality. The Rumassala coral reefs, on the other hand, attract numerous divers annually. Eco trek in the shrub jungles of Rumassala is another thrill that you may experience there. So, in case you are searching for the perfect occasion to escape to some peaceful and exotic tropical paradise, Unawatuna is the place you should head to.
10. Yala National Park
One of the premier eco-tourism destinations in Sri Lanka is the Yala National Park – the second largest national park and the most visited in the country. Covering vast area of vast 97,878 hectares, the park boasts fairly dense secondary forest, fine coastline, small patches of mangrove vegetation and rich variety of wildlife. 215 bird species, 44 species of mammals and 46 reptile species are residents of the Yala National Park. What is also characteristic about the park is that it boasts huge number of cultural ruins with great significance. They bear testimony to previous civilizations, being important indication that much of the area used to be well-developed and populated.