Added to the banks of river Yamuna, the Taj Mahal is really a beautiful white-marble mausoleum in the Mughal city of Agra. Renowned worldwide as ‘the jewel of Muslim architecture in india ‘, it absolutely was commissioned by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Admired all all over the world for the love tale, it boasts of an architecture that’s a mixture of Ottoman Turkish, Islamic, Indian and Persian architectural styles. Declared a World Heritage Site in 1983, its construction were only available in 1632 and got completed in 1653.
The mortal remains of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are buried in the Taj Mahal that contains detailed inlay of semi-precious stones. Taj Mahal tour is among the main highlights of all golden triangle tour packages in India.
Fatehpur Sikri: The Ghost Town
Erected during the 2nd 1 / 2 of the 16th century, Fatehpur Sikri was the erstwhile capital of Mughal Emperor Akbar for about 10 years between 1571 and 1585.
Founded in 1569, Akbar built this complex in the honour of Sufi Saint Salim Chishti.This impressive architecture is a superb evidence of the evolution of town planning in india like Old Delhi, then called Shahjahanabad.
There are many structures within its walls including harem, a mosque, palaces, private quarters and other necessary buildings. Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Kas , Ranch Mahal, Buland Damaza, Jama Masjid, Daulat Khana are a few of the prime structures. Earlier it absolutely was named as Fatehabad or the ‘City of Victory ‘.
Agra Fort: Legend of the Fall
Another UNESCO World Heritage site, Agra Fort is put around 2.5 km north westwards of the Taj Mahal. Referred to as a walled city, was originally a stone fort which was owned by Sikarwar Rajputs. It had been captured by Sikandar Lodi, the Sultan of Delhi in 1080 who later shifted his capital to Agra and made this fort his home.
Later, his son Ibrahim Lodi built a mosque, numerous palaces and wells within the fort. After many years, Shah Jahan, the grandson of Akbar, also resided in the fort and it absolutely was during his reign this structure flourished and added white-marble structures with semi-precious gems and gold inlays after destroying the sooner ones.
Humayun’s Tomb: India’s First Charbagh Mausoleum
Inspired by Persian architecture, the Humayun’s Tomb could be the burial host to Mughal emperor Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun. Constructed by his widow Hamida Banu Begum or Haji Begam after 14 years of his death in 1569, the tomb is really a synthesis of Persian and Indian architectural style.
It’s thought that Humayun himself had planned the architecture of his tomb, though there’s no evidence of it. The key architect of the tomb was Mirak Mirza Ghiyath. Put into the centre of a square-shaped garden, this red sandstone double-storey square tomb gets the grave within an octagonal central chamber. This web site is obtainable via a passage towards the south.
Additional information about Humayun’s Tomb
Qutb Minar Complex: The Might of Islam
Built-in red and buff sandstone, Qutub Minar is among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Delhi form Humayun’s Tomb and the Red Fort Complex.The best tower in India, it’s 72.5 meters high. Qutb Minar and its monuments really are a major tourist attraction here. The diameter of the Minar is 14.32 m at the bottom and around 2.75 m on the top.
Its foundation was laid by Qutbu’d-Din Aibak in 1199 and the construction was finished by Shamsu’d-Din Iltutmish, his son-in-law and successor. The walls of the Minar include inscriptions in Arabic and Nagari. Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the Iron Pillar, a mosque, The tomb of Iltutmish, Ala’i-Darwaza, Ala’i Minar are a few of the other monuments in the Qutb Minar Complex.
India’s Golden Triangle tour is one of the finest choice to explore these gems of India and obtain a peek to the rich heritage and culture with this incredible country.