Goa enjoys a history that speaks about several rulers and sovereigns. The forts of Goa have been the witnesses and testimonials of the every happening & occurrence that this wonderful beach destination has come across. Goan Forts are smaller in size & less grand if we compare them with forts of other states. Some of the most prominent forts of Goa that are still standing proudly with passing time are described through this article.
Aguada Fort: Aguada Fort is an overwhelming construction that stands proudly amidst the Portuguese-era forts spread across Goa. Intentionally constructed at the bank of the River Mandovi, Aguada Fort is a marvelous structure. Aguada means water in Portuguese and the fort has been named so for the spring within the fortifications that supplies water to the ships. The fort was erected during 1609-12 to defend against the attacks from the prowling armies of the Dutch and the Marathas. Along with strategic location, an assembly of two hundred cannons and the solid fortifications made this fortification an absolute safeguard against enemy attacks. It created an enviable record of being the only fort that was not conquered by any invaders during the 450 years long rule of the Portuguese empire. Aguada fort is basically a four-storey lighthouse, constructed in 1864, in a great state of preservation and one can witness remnants of its old & original structures here.
Cabo Da Rama Fort: Placed in the Canacona taluka of South Goa, Cabo Da Rama Fort is an isolated sight of crumbling ruins. It is often called as Cape Rama fort, which has derived its name from Rama – the hero of the epic Ramayana. Cabo Da Rama Fort was built before the arrivals of Portuguese invasion of Goa. The fort was occupied by several hands as many a time dynasties fell and rose during the era. The Portuguese conquered the fort after defeating the Raja of Soonda and renovated it afterward. The present structure is a remnant of the Portuguese. Apart from its scattered ruins, the Cabo da Rama fort does not have any attraction. In the western side of the fortress, you can enjoy a panoramic view of the surroundings.
Chapora Fort: Chapora Fort was built by the Adil Shah of Bijapur on the southern headland of the Chapora Beach. It was reconstructed by the Portuguese in 1617 at the same place. The fort enjoys a charming view of the Vagator beach and is located close to the Anjuna beach. Chapora Fort is in ruins today, yet the views up and down the coast from the weed-infested fortifications are still outstanding. One can witness the heads of the two tunnels that previously provided supply routes for beleaguered defenders. Some tombstones on the smooth slopes of the hill can be also seen that are said to be the relics of the pre-colonial days. The main attraction of the fort is the view that it offers to the visitors.
Reis Magos Fort: Located in a village on the northern bank of the Mandovi River, Reis Magos Fort was originally built by Adil Shah. The fort was later on reconstructed by Portuguese. The fort boasts of huge fortifications studded with sentry towers. It helped Portuguese in preventing the persistent attacks of the Maratha armies.
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